- It is defined as a delicate, hair-like structure of the tissues of a plant or animal or other substances.
- The diameter is very small to that of the length. Its length is 100 times its diameter.
- It should be spin-able to be made into a yarn or be made into a fabric by using different methods.
- The essential requirements for fibers to be spun into yarn include a length of at enough flexibility, cohesiveness, and sufficient strength, elasticity, fineness, uniformity, durability, and luster.
- Example: Cotton, silk, wool, polyester, viscose, etc
- Exception: The Banana fiber is one kind of fiber but it is not a textile fiber. Because it doesn’t satisfy the above properties. hence, all the fibers are not textile fiber.
DID YOU KNOW: India is the world’s largest producer of bananas.
- IKEA is working together with social entrepreneurs around the world to promote sustainable products. Heres an insight into how banana fibers are extracted.
- When 2 or more fibres are interlocked, interlaced, or bonded it is called yarn.
- It forms a long continuous strand of interlocked or twisted fibres which could be used for knitting, weaving, braiding, crocheting, embroidering, stitching, textiles, etc.
Yarn occurs in the following forms:
- A single filament with or without a twist –a monofilament.
- A number of fibers twisted(S or Z twist) together -spun yarn.
- A number of filaments laid together without a twist-a zero twist yarn.
- When yarn is knitted or weaved or knitted together, it becomes fabric.
- Fabric is a flexible material consisting of a network of natural or artificial (synthetic) fibre.
Thus, fibre is the basic raw material for yarn – then yarn is the base for fabric – and when a fabric is finished for a specific purpose, it is called cloth
The fabric is then processed i.e cut and/or sewn and is taken under different stages to form a the desired product i.e Cloth.
So there is a linear development: fibre → yarn → fabric → cloth.